ĝeus-

ĝeus-
    ĝeus-
    English meaning: to taste; to enjoy [“ savor, enjoy, taste “, in the Gmc. and Celt. “choose”, in Indo Iran. and AlbO.N. “love”]
    Material: O.Ind. jṓ ṣ ati, juṣátē “kostet, enjoys, liebt”, jōsá yatē “findet whereof pleasure”, jṓ ṣ aḥ “ contentedness, Billigung, sufficiency “, Av. zaoš-, O.Pers. dauš- “Geschmack whereof finden”, Av. zaošō “Gefallen”, zuštō “beliebt, erwũnscht”; khotan-sak. ysūṣ ḍ ē “er schätzt”, ysua, ysuyün (ys = z) “Leckerei”; Gk. γεύομαι “koste, genieße” (therefrom γεύω “lasse taste”); Alb. desha “I liebte”, present do dua (*ĝēus-n-, Jokl IF. 37, 101 f.); Also Alb.Gheg dashunoj “to love”, dashuni, dashni “love”, aorist desha “I loved”. n-present Lat. dēgūnō , -ere “taste” (*gus-nō); O.Ir. asa-gū (*ĝus-s-t) “ег wũnsche” (ad-gūsi, asa-gūssi “er wũnscht”, s. zur form Pedersen II 549), do-goa (*ĝus-ü-t) “er wählt”, Verbaln. togu “wählen, Wahl”, preterit dorōigu “elegit” (*to-ro-ĝi-ĝēus-t), Pokorny IF. 35, 177 ff., etc. (see Pedersen aaO.); Goth. kiusan “prũfen, erproben”, O.N. kjōsa “wählen, wish” (also “ through Zauberei beeinflussen”, O.H.G. O.S. kiosan “ taste, prũfen, wählen”, Ger. kiesen, Kaus.-Iter. Goth. kausjan “prũfen, taste, try “ (= O.Ind. iōšá yatē); compare O.E. wæl-céasig “leichenwählend” (of raven). noun actionis auf ti-: O.Ind. júṣṭi-ḥ “Liebeserweisung, Gunst”, Goth. ga-kusts f. “Prũfung”, O.Fris. kest, O.E. cyst m. “ object a Wahl, Vorzũglichkeit” (but Gk. γεῦσις previously singlelinguistic formation from γεύομαι from): auf tu-: Lat. gustus, -ūs “das Kosten, Genießen”, Celt. *gustu- “Wahl” in den Namen Ir. Oengus, Fergus, O.Welsh Ungust, Gurgust and in O.Ir. guss “ skillfulness, power “, Goth. kustus “Prũfung”, O.H.G. O.S. kust m. “Prũfung, Schätzung, Wahl, Vortrefflichkeit”, O.N. kostr, -ar “Wahl, Willkũr, (good) quality “; derivative of participle *gus-tós: Lat. gustō, -üre “taste, genießen”= O.H.G. O.S. kostōn “taste, versuchen”, O.E. costian “versuchen, plague”, O.N. kosta, -aða “prũfen, sich anstrengen, erstreben”; previous noun actionis is *kuriz in O.E. cyre m. “Wahl, judgement”, O.H.G. kuri f. ds. (Ger. Kur-fũrst, Will-kũr), with intersection in neuter O.N. kør “Wahl”, O.E. ge-cor “ verdict “, derived O.H.G. korōn “gustare, probare”. Maybe Alb. josh “invite to taste”, joshë, joshje “bait, temptation, enticement, appeal, smell”.
    References: WP. I 568 f., WH. I 628 f., Feist 312 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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